What Methods Do I Use to Teach Comprehension?

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There are a number of reasons why a child may have problems understanding and interpreting what she reads

  • poor word recognitions skills
  • weak vocabulary
  • an inability to focus and pay attention
  • a lack of confidence
  • high anxiety
  • poor abstract reasoning and thinking skills

Classroom teachers are seldom able to address comprehension problems on an individual basis

Typically, children are assigned common material to read and then asked a series of "Comprehension Questions" to assess understanding.

Thus, reading comprehension is often tested, but seldom taught!

Students are often asked to read material that is too difficult for them.

This is not only ineffective, but very discouraging for the child.

How can students understand and reflect upon passages they cannot read fluently?

Sadly, this is what students are routinely asked to do in the classroom.

Often told to "Read it again until you understand it", few have the self-confidence, discipline, or resolve to do this on their own.

Reading the same material over and over again, is a negative experience.  This contributes to a sense of failure and an increased aversion to reading.

Children must be taught comprehension skills using materials written at an appropriate level of difficulty.

The materials One-to-One uses to teach comprehension are individualized.

This enables the student to read passages with ease and fluency.

Instead of concentrating on the mechanics of reading, the child is able to focus on meaning and content.

This not only improves comprehension and increases confidence, but also advances the child’s enjoyment of learning.

Exercises are presented in the form of short, interesting, paragraphs that focus on the four aspects of comprehension

  1. Finding Facts
  2. Getting the Main Idea
  3. Making Inferences
  4. Drawing Conclusions

Students are also taught strategies for enhancing understanding through visualization, how to think-aloud, and how to properly self-monitor.

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